Registration of the Emission of Submicron Particles of Rocks to Predict the Destruction of Underground Mine Workings at Rockburst-Hazardous Deposits

Авторы: Viktorov S.D., Osokin A.A., Shlyapin A.V., Lapikov I.N. Опубликовано: 08.10.2019
Опубликовано в выпуске: #5(86)/2019  
DOI: 10.18698/1812-3368-2019-5-50-62

Раздел: Физика | Рубрика: Физика и технология наноструктур, атомная и молекулярная физика  
Ключевые слова: registration, emission, submicron particle, rock formation, rockburst-hazardous deposits, prediction, destruction

The results of studies of the conditions for the formation of submicron particles from the surface of the rock formation under the influence of external factors are presented. The deformation and destruction of the mass of rock formations under the conditions of anthropogenic activity under the influence of rock pressure and blasting are characterized by the origin and development of structural defects at various scale levels. A method for recording the emission of submicron particles is proposed to carry out experimental work forstudies of the process of disintegration and the formation of free particles. The results of laboratory studies of the stress-strain state of rock formation samples with a through cylindrical cavity under uniaxial compression, made on the basis of a physical model for the formation of submicron particles from the surface of the samples under study, are presented. The sizes and nature of changes in stress concentration zones and fracture under quasi-static uniaxial loading of specimens are determined. The loading limits have been established to ensure the transfer of rock formation samples to the pre-fracture state. The obtained results are necessary for the development of a fundamentally new method and hardware-technical base for recording dynamic forms of manifestation of rock pressure and prediction of rockbursts in the conduct of underground mining. The results of experimental-industrial tests of the method for determining the stress-strain state of a specific section of a rock formation massif based on the phenomenon of submicron particle emission are presented


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