Specific Features of the Structure of Various Coal Ranks at the Nano Level

Авторы: Ulyanova E.V., Malinnikova O.N., Shlyapin A.V., Pashichev B.N. Опубликовано: 14.12.2020
Опубликовано в выпуске: #6(93)/2020  
DOI: 10.18698/1812-3368-2020-6-80-92

Раздел: Физика | Рубрика: Физика и технология наноструктур, атомная и молекулярная физика  
Ключевые слова: fossil coal, structure models, X-ray diffraction analysis, Raman scattering spectroscopy

Structural factors and functions of radial distribution of atoms of different coal ranks have been calculated by X-ray diffraction analysis. This made it possible to establish that the main structural component is the clusters with graphite-like packing of atoms. The predominant size of these clusters (calculated from the peaks of small-angle X-ray scattering at 5° in CoKα-radiation) for coals with a carbon content of 83--95 % is within 2--3 nm. Fossil coal is an amorphous carbonaceous substance consisting of polymorphic modifications in the sp2- and sp3-states. According to the results obtained using Raman scattering spectroscopy, the physical properties of amorphous natural coals are strongly dependent on the ratio of sp2- and sp3-hybridization of atomic orbitals. Moreover, studies have shown that the carbon atoms of the coal matrix in the sp2-state are represented by both aromatic and aliphatic conjugated chain fragments. It was found that the degree of ordering in rank LF coals is higher than in coals of a higher stage of metamorphism. This is possible if the hydrocarbon matrix in rank LF coals can be represented as a polymer consisting of conjugated chains with periodicity. With an increase in the stage of coal metamorphism, starting with coal rank G, the transformation of the coal structure occurs with a violation of the periodicity of the conjugated fragments of the polymer matrix connecting graphite-like clusters, a decrease in their length, and an increase in randomness in their arrangement


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