Dry Friction and Mechanical System Motion Implicit Equations
Authors: Lapshin V.V. | Published: 05.12.2021 |
Published in issue: #6(99)/2021 | |
DOI: 10.18698/1812-3368-2021-6-4-16 | |
Category: Mathematics and Mechanics | Chapter: Differential Equations and Mathematical Physics | |
Keywords: nonlinear dynamics, dry friction, implicit differential motion equations, Painleve paradoxes |
It is shown that forces acting on the mechanical system points could depend on accelerations of the system points. Differential equation system of the mechanical system motion appears to be implicit. It is not resolved with respect to senior derivatives. Fundamental mathematical problems appear associated with possibility and uniqueness of these equations' solution with respect to the senior derivatives. Such problems are common in mechanical systems with dry sliding friction and rolling friction. Such problems are missing in the point dynamics. However, such problems are rather typical in more complex mechanical systems appearing in the study of a rigid body motion, which entire mass is concentrated in a single point, as well as in systems with one degree of freedom. Four fairly simple examples of mechanical systems are considered, and their motion is described by implicit differential motion equations. Situations could appear in these systems, when motion equations are not solvable with respect to the senior derivatives (motion equations are missing), as well as situations, when there are several solutions with respect to senior derivatives (there are several different systems of the mechanical system motion equations). At the same time, one of the fundamental principles of mechanics is not fulfilled, i.e., the principle of determinism
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