Acenaphthene Nitro Derivatives Plasma-Chemical Synthesis in the High-Frequency Currents Field at Reduced Pressure

Authors: Lubin A.A., Yakushin R.V., Oshchepkov M.S., Ulyanova Yu.V., Botev D.O., Chistolinov A.V., Podhaluzina N.Ya., Solovieva I.N., Boldyrev V.S. Published: 26.08.2023
Published in issue: #4(109)/2023  
DOI: 10.18698/1812-3368-2023-4-123-140

Category: Chemistry | Chapter: Physical Chemistry  
Keywords: plasma chemistry, gas discharge, acenaphthene, nitration, oxidation, nitroacenaphthene


Plasma-chemical processing devices are widely used in practice and are an integral part in microelectronics, medicine, light industry and nanotechnology. In addition, they are used as methods for modifying the modern materials surfaces and in liquids processing. The paper considers preparation of the aromatic compound nitro derivatives under the action of capacitive high-frequency electrodeless discharge at the gas--liquid interface with the reduced pressure. During the plasma-chemical treatment of the reaction mixture containing the 1,2-dihydroacenaphthylene (acenaphthene), its complete conversion was observed, which was confirmed by detection of the acenaphthene mono- and dinitro-derivatives, as well as of the side chain oxidation products, in the reaction products. The proposed method of implementing nitration reaction of the aromatic substances, which belongs to the new instrumental methods of organic synthesis along with photochemistry and electrochemical synthesis, allows direct binding of the molecular nitrogen and oxygen into the valuable nitrogen-containing organic compounds. Study results demonstrate effective introduction of the plasma chemistry methods in chemical technology not only for the purposes of oxidative destruction of the organic substances, but also as the physicochemical tools for the fine organic synthesis allowing selective functionalization of the polynuclear aromatic compounds

The work was supported by the grant from the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 21-79-30062)

Please cite this article in English as:

Lubin A.A., Yakushin R.V., Oshchepkov M.S., et al. Acenaphthene nitro derivatives plasma-chemical synthesis in the high-frequency currents field at reduced pressure. Herald of the Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Series Natural Sciences, 2023, no. 4 (109), pp. 123--140 (in Russ.). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18698/1812-3368-2023-4-123-140


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